Srikakulam Municipality is located at 18o – 20’ and 19o-10’ Northeastern Latitude and 83o – 53’ and 84o-50’ Eastern Longitude in Srikakulam District. The District is skirted to a distance by Kandivalasagedda, Vamsadhara and Bahuda at Certain stretches of their courses while a line of heights of Great Eastern Ghats run from North – East, Viajayanagaram District flanks in the South and west while Orissa bounds it on the North and Bay of Bengal on the East. The Town having an extent of 20.89 Sq.km. including Pedda padu Area.
Throughout the year, the climate is characterized by humidity. The South – West monsoon which fallows the summer seasons up to September. North –East monsoon starts from 1st October to the November. The period from December to mid February enjoys generally a fine weather. The annual rain fall is 937.6 mm but during the year 2004-2005 against normal, rainfall was 1162mm.
This region of Andhra Pradesh was part of Kalinga region at first, and later a part of Gajapati kingdom of Odisha up to the medieval period. Srikakulam has been a headquarters for revenue collection under Nizam state of Hyderabad since 1707. Nizams of Hyderabad assigned Srikakulam, Rajahmundry, Eluru and Mustafanagar (Kondapalli) districts to French India in 1753. French imperialists were driven out from these districts by British imperialists in 1756 during Anglo-French wars.
As per rainfall statement it is observed that the highest rainfall occur in the month of June, July and September, October. It can also be observed that the first four months of the year. January to April is particularly rainless. But in the month of May fair amount of the rain may occur. More than half of the annual rainfall is brought by the South – West monsoon while a greater part of the rest occurs in October and November. The South – West monsoon begins in the middle of June. Usually the period between July and October is regarded as the heaviest.